AG旗舰厅

数据来源于《三明统计年鉴-2020》

  三(san)明(ming)市位于福建省中部连接西(xi)北(bei)隅,地处北(bei)纬25°30′~27°07′、东(dong)经116°22′~118°39′之间。东(dong)依福州市,西(xi)毗江西(xi)省,南(nan)邻泉州市,北(bei)傍南(nan)平市,西(xi)南(nan)接龙岩市。三(san)明(ming)市境域以中低山(shan)(shan)及丘陵为主,北(bei)西(xi)部为武(wu)夷山(shan)(shan)脉,中部为玳(dai)瑁山(shan)(shan)脉,东(dong)南(nan)角依傍戴(dai)云山(shan)(shan)脉。全境总面积22965平方千米;辖1个(ge)县(xian)级市(永安(an)市)、2个(ge)市辖区(梅列区,三(san)元区)、9个(ge)县(xian)(明(ming)溪县(xian)、清(qing)流县(xian)、宁(ning)化(hua)县(xian)、建宁(ning)县(xian)、泰宁(ning)县(xian)、将(jiang)乐县(xian)、沙县(xian)、尤溪县(xian)、大田县(xian))。

数据来源于《三明统计年鉴-2020》

  三(san)明市(shi)境域地层(ceng)(ceng)结(jie)构发育(yu)完整,自下元(yuan)古(gu)界至新(xin)生界共有12个系,37个地层(ceng)(ceng)单元(yuan)包括变质岩(yan)(yan)(yan)、侵入(ru)岩(yan)(yan)(yan)、火山岩(yan)(yan)(yan)、沉积岩(yan)(yan)(yan)四大岩(yan)(yan)(yan)类。最(zui)古(gu)老(lao)的(de)岩(yan)(yan)(yan)石层(ceng)(ceng)分(fen)布于建宁一带(dai)的(de)晚(wan)太古(gu)代(dai)天井坪(ping)组,是华夏古(gu)陆核的(de)组成(cheng)部分(fen),代(dai)表福建省最(zui)古(gu)老(lao)的(de)岩(yan)(yan)(yan)石层(ceng)(ceng)。

  由(you)于三(san)明(ming)地(di)(di)跨福建(jian)三(san)大(da)构(gou)造单元,地(di)(di)质结构(gou)上(shang)存在四条(tiao)断(duan)裂带(dai)(dai):沙(sha)县—南(nan)日岛北西向(xiang)断(duan)裂带(dai)(dai),途经(jing)泰宁、将乐、沙(sha)县、尤(you)溪(xi)等地(di)(di);永安—晋江北西向(xiang)断(duan)裂带(dai)(dai),途经(jing)明(ming)溪(xi)、永安、大(da)田(tian)等地(di)(di);邵武—河源(yuan)北东向(xiang)断(duan)裂带(dai)(dai),途经(jing)泰宁、建(jian)宁、宁化等地(di)(di);政和—海丰北东向(xiang)断(duan)裂带(dai)(dai),贯穿(chuan)尤(you)溪(xi)、大(da)田(tian)、永安、沙(sha)县及(ji)三(san)明(ming)城区。

  三明境内(nei)以中低(di)山及丘(qiu)陵为主,北(bei)西部(bu)(bu)为武夷山脉,中部(bu)(bu)为玳瑁(mao)山脉,东南角依傍(bang)戴(dai)云山脉。峰峦(luan)耸峙,低(di)丘(qiu)起(qi)伏,溪流密(mi)布,河谷与盆地错落(luo)其(qi)间,全境地势总体(ti)上西南部(bu)(bu)高,北(bei)东部(bu)(bu)低(di),海(hai)拔最(zui)高(建宁(ning)白石顶(ding))1858米(mi),最(zui)低(di)50米(mi)。

数据来源于《三明统计年鉴-2020》

  三明(ming)市的自然资(zi)(zi)源主要包(bao)括(kuo)土(tu)地资(zi)(zi)源、矿产(chan)资(zi)(zi)源、森林(lin)资(zi)(zi)源、旅游资(zi)(zi)源等(deng)。

  【土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)资(zi)源】 2019年,三明市土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)229.65万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),其中,耕地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)19.59万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)8.53%;园(yuan)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)6.88万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)3%;林地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)182.92万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)79.65%;草地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)3.41万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)1.49%;城镇(zhen)村及工矿用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)5.38万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)2.34%;交(jiao)通(tong)运输用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)2.84万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)1.24%;水域及水利设施用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)4.51万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)1.96%;其他土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)4.12万(wan)公顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(qing),占土(tu)(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)总(zong)(zong)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)1.79%。

  【矿(kuang)产(chan)资(zi)源(yuan)】 截至(zhi)2019年年底,三明(ming)市发现各类矿(kuang)产(chan)79种(zhong),探明(ming)资(zi)源(yuan)储量的有64种(zhong),其(qi)中:能源(yuan)矿(kuang)产(chan)1种(zhong),金(jin)属矿(kuang)产(chan)18种(zhong),非(fei)金(jin)属矿(kuang)产(chan)45种(zhong)。全(quan)市开(kai)发利用(yong)的矿(kuang)产(chan)43种(zhong),优势矿(kuang)种(zhong)有重晶石、钨矿(kuang)、稀土、萤石、石墨、水泥用(yong)灰岩等。

  矿(kuang)产分(fen)(fen)布相对集中,铁矿(kuang)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)分(fen)(fen)布在(zai)(zai)(zai)大(da)(da)田,钨(wu)矿(kuang)分(fen)(fen)布在(zai)(zai)(zai)的宁(ning)化(hua)、清(qing)(qing)流等(deng)地(di);金、银、铜矿(kuang)主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)分(fen)(fen)布在(zai)(zai)(zai)尤溪(xi)、泰宁(ning)等(deng)地(di);煤集中在(zai)(zai)(zai)大(da)(da)田、永(yong)安(an)等(deng)地(di);水泥用灰(hui)岩分(fen)(fen)布在(zai)(zai)(zai)永(yong)安(an)、大(da)(da)田、将(jiang)乐(le)等(deng)地(di);萤(ying)石(shi)分(fen)(fen)布在(zai)(zai)(zai)将(jiang)乐(le)、明溪(xi)、清(qing)(qing)流等(deng)地(di);稀土主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)分(fen)(fen)布在(zai)(zai)(zai)宁(ning)化(hua)、清(qing)(qing)流、明溪(xi)及尤溪(xi)等(deng)地(di)。已(yi)形成大(da)(da)田-永(yong)安(an)煤矿(kuang)、清(qing)(qing)流-明溪(xi)萤(ying)石(shi)矿(kuang)、尤溪(xi)梅仙(xian)铅锌(xin)矿(kuang)、宁(ning)化(hua)行(xing)洛坑(keng)钨(wu)矿(kuang)、永(yong)安(an)坑(keng)边(bian)水泥用灰(hui)岩等(deng)一(yi)批重要(yao)(yao)资源基地(di)。

  【森林(lin)资(zi)源】三明(ming)(ming)市(shi)是中(zhong)(zhong)国南(nan)方(fang)重要的集(ji)体林(lin)区(qu),是全(quan)国最(zui)绿(lv)(lv)省份(fen)的最(zui)绿(lv)(lv)明(ming)(ming)珠,也是生(sheng)态(tai)环境上具有特殊性的一个林(lin)区(qu),森林(lin)生(sheng)态(tai)保(bao)护建(jian)设在建(jian)设绿(lv)(lv)色(se)海峡西岸中(zhong)(zhong)起到(dao)重要支撑作用。截(jie)至(zhi)年(nian)底,三明(ming)(ming)市(shi)林(lin)地(di)(di)面(mian)积(ji)190万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing),占全(quan)市(shi)土(tu)地(di)(di)总面(mian)积(ji)的82.7%,森林(lin)面(mian)积(ji)180.8万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(含(han)非(fei)规划林(lin)地(di)(di)上的森林(lin)),森林(lin)覆盖率(lv)78.73%,森林(lin)蓄积(ji)量1.82亿(yi)立方(fang)米,林(lin)分平均亩蓄积(ji)量8.4立方(fang)米,位居全(quan)省各设区(qu)市(shi)第一。全(quan)市(shi)重点生(sheng)态(tai)区(qu)位林(lin)面(mian)积(ji)61.67万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing),其中(zhong)(zhong)生(sheng)态(tai)公(gong)益(yi)林(lin)面(mian)积(ji)48.67万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(国家级41.53万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing),省级7.14万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing)),重点生(sheng)态(tai)区(qu)位内商(shang)品林(lin)面(mian)积(ji)13万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing)。全(quan)市(shi)用材林(lin)100.4万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing),其中(zhong)(zhong)天然(ran)商(shang)品乔木林(lin)保(bao)护试点面(mian)积(ji)34.2万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing)(含(han)重点生(sheng)态(tai)区(qu)位内的3.13万(wan)公(gong)顷(qing)(qing)(qing))。

  【国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)】国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)有三明仙人(ren)谷国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、三元国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、福(fu)(fu)建猫儿山国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、将乐天阶山国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、福(fu)(fu)建闽江源国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、福(fu)(fu)建九龙(long)竹海国(guo)(guo)家(jia)森(sen)(sen)林(lin)(lin)(lin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)等6处。

  【地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)】世(shi)(shi)界地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)有泰宁世(shi)(shi)界地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)1处;国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)有泰宁大(da)金(jin)湖国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、宁化天鹅洞国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、永(yong)安国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、三明郊野国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)、清流温泉国(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)地(di)(di)质(zhi)(zhi)公(gong)(gong)(gong)园(yuan)(yuan)5处。

  【国(guo)家(jia)A级旅游景(jing)(jing)(jing)区(qu)(qu)】国(guo)家(jia)AAAAA级旅游景(jing)(jing)(jing)区(qu)(qu)1个(ge)(泰宁(ning)风景(jing)(jing)(jing)旅游区(qu)(qu)),国(guo)家(jia)AAAA级旅游景(jing)(jing)(jing)区(qu)(qu)有永安桃源洞—鳞(lin)隐石林(lin)、梅(mei)列瑞云山(shan)、三(san)元格氏(shi)栲(kao)、将乐玉华洞、沙县小吃(chi)文(wen)化城等(deng)15个(ge),国(guo)家(jia)AAA级旅游景(jing)(jing)(jing)区(qu)(qu)有将乐常(chang)青旅游区(qu)(qu)、清流中华桂花(hua)文(wen)化园等(deng)35个(ge),国(guo)家(jia)AA级旅游景(jing)(jing)(jing)区(qu)(qu)有永安马洪(hong)中央红(hong)军标语博(bo)物馆(guan)景(jing)(jing)(jing)区(qu)(qu)1个(ge)。

  【国(guo)家级(ji)自(zi)然保(bao)护区(qu)(qu)】国(guo)家级(ji)自(zi)然保(bao)护区(qu)(qu)5个(ge)(福建(jian)峨嵋峰国(guo)家级(ji)自(zi)然保(bao)护区(qu)(qu)、福建(jian)龙(long)栖(qi)山国(guo)家级(ji)自(zi)然保(bao)护区(qu)(qu)、福建(jian)天宝(bao)岩国(guo)家级(ji)自(zi)然保(bao)护区(qu)(qu)、福建(jian)闽江(jiang)源国(guo)家级(ji)自(zi)然保(bao)护区(qu)(qu)、福建(jian)君子峰国(guo)家级(ji)自(zi)然保(bao)护区(qu)(qu))。

 

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